The second year continues the introduction to the foundations of architectural history, and introduces a particular focus on the city and the urban.

In this part of the course we look at the city in dialectical terms. On the one hand, the city embodies organising principles; on the other, it is the scene of self-conscious community and is our monument to shared memory. In the first instance, the essential act is conceived as one of walling or penning; in the second it is as processing and gathering together. The goal of the first is order; that of the second is accord.

Order and the City (AH2A)

The first-semester 20-credit course, while intending to be self-standing, is also designed to function in relation to the second-semester 20-credit course, ‘Culture and the City.’ Whilst the latter considers the city in the form of those structures of access and assembly whereby its population establishes itself as a society of willing participants, this course views the city in terms of those instruments whereby order is maintained.

In classical terms, architecture is a legislative mode of building. The nature of its rules and their adaptation and modification in light of different circumstances and changing political and economic circumstances is considered by way of preface to selective study of the architecture of legislation and government.

The second half of the lecture programme continues the typological approach, viewing in turn those various buildings by which the ills of nature and society are prevented or kept at bay, and security is maintained within the city.

Culture and the City (AH2B)

This course (second semester) considers the city as the exemplary setting of our social condition. Whilst the city is understood to embody organising principles and to be constituted according to the commands of political thought. If the essential act of the city, politically conceived, is one of walling or penning, the city conceived socially is a scene of processing and gathering together.

The architecture and city planning of accord is the subject of the course. The lecture programme falls into two parts: the first deals with our acts of pilgrimage and congregation, for the purposes of religion, entertainment and improvement; the second deals with our celebration in architecture of what we share metaphysically, i.e, social memory and the memorial.

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