Introduction to World Architecture (AH1A)
The course begins with an examination of Ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman architecture, the architecture of the Middle Ages, Islam, Pre-Columbian America, and the first great re-evaluation of Antiquity in the Italian Renaissance. It goes on to survey the Renaissance in Britain and northern Europe and the subsequent influence of the Italian Baroque in these areas. Later, other significant cultural traditions in the history of architecture are introduced, such as those of India, China, and Japan. Semester 1 concludes with an examination of the theoretical, cultural, and stylistic aspects of the architecture of the European Enlightenment.
Revivalism to Modernism (AH1B)
The second semester opens with a survey of the stylistic revivals that dominated architecture in the early nineteenth century. It also introduces the apparently contradictory theme of modernity in architecture and discusses the nineteenth century development of new and more sophisticated typologies along with the new materials and technologies that made this possible. The revivalist and the modern are also discussed in terms of the conflict between industrial and anti-industrial that saw the architectural technology of the Crystal Palace juxtaposed with the emergence of the Arts and Crafts Movement. The course traces the complex ideas that lie behind the emergence of Modernism in the early decades of the 20th century. It concludes with lectures on the revision of Modernism in the 1950s and '60s and the recent emergence of a Post-modern consciousness.
Throughout the course the development of building technology and the social, religious, and political understanding of buildings are recurring themes. Excursions into the related fields of landscape architecture and urban design necessarily appear from time to time.