The remarkable Edinburgh Cast Collection comprises 265 plaster casts of Antique, Renaissance, and Gothic statues, bas reliefs, and architectural passages. Acquired between the late 18th to late 19th century as a teaching collection to illustrate Classical art history, they are now used across a range of programmes at the College, and remain accessible to the public. The works displayed in the Sculpture Court include the Parthenon frieze, donated directly by Lord Elgin especially for the education of artists in Scotland.

As well as being an important teaching resource in drawing, painting, art history and art conservation, the collection is often featured in major exhibitions and installations. The Edinburgh Cast Collection website has a wealth of information on their history, including image galleries and exhibition details.